Camden County Police Department revises the use of force policy
[Ed. Note: This is what I have been saying for many years. It is also what the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing recommended and very similar to the police use of force standard adopted by the European Union (see below). A higher standard in use of deadly force is needed to rebuild trust of our nation’s police. Camden County Police and their chief, Scott Thomson, are to be commended! Without trust there can be little support of police in a community. In such situations, crime, disorder, and fear replace trust and confidence in our political system and way of life. Camden police are leading, will others follow? The following article comes from Dann Cuellar from ABC Action News.]
Wednesday, August 21, 2019
CAMDEN, New Jersey (WPVI) — The Camden County Police Department has been working for years to formulate and finalize a plan with the very focus on the sanctity of life. That meant changing and reshaping the culture of police use-of-force to minimize harm while trying to save lives. That new policy went into effect Tuesday [8/20/2019].
In one Camden County police video, a 48-year-old deranged man walks into a fast-food restaurant at Broadway & Mickle harassing both customers and employees. He pulled a steak knife on a customer threatening him before leaving. Outside, police bodycam video captures his encounter with police.
“Drop the knife, sir drop the knife,” yelled an officer.
But the man keeps walking away, slashing the knife through the air as he does. Under the new policy designed to de-escalate a threat and minimize the use of force, officers formed a parameter around him as they continued to ask him to put the knife down. (See full story and video HERE.)
“The officers recognize that this was a person in crisis suffering from some form of mental illness,” said Lt. Kevin Lutz who oversees training.
With plenty of time to think things out, the officers walked with the man for several blocks as they cleared traffic and pedestrians ahead– all as they tried to get the man to put down the knife, which he finally did and they moved in to arrest him.
“Five, six, seven years ago, prior to this training, prior to the culture that we created, that most definitely ends in a police-involved shooting,” said Lutz.
Under the new policy, officers are trained to hold their fire whenever possible, especially when confronting people with knives showing signs of mental illness.
“The purpose behind this policy is not to avoid force altogether, but to ensure that the officers are safe, the public is safe and the force applied is of last resort and when necessary,” said Lutz.
In one of the nation’s roughest cities, the new policy is showing drastic results. Not only is the crime continuing to drop, but complaints of excessive police force have also plummeted from 65 complaints in 2014 to just one so far this year.
The new policy is lauded by the New Jersey ACLU.
“We think its really groundbreaking. We’re really impressed both with the process and the substance,” said Alex Shalom, the senior supervising attorney at the ACLU-NJ.
“And I also think it’s impressive in the substance, it’s impressive that it sets forth a policy that prefers to avoid the use of force,” he added.
Most notably, the new policy is endorsed by the police union.
“There’s going to times when force has to be employed, just have a common-sense approach to it. If you can think through things, you can talk to the person, open up a dialogue and line of communication. In some cases you can do that and talk that right down without having to jump into force,” said Rick Kunkel of FOP lodge #218.
Police are using body cam footage to critique and fine-tune their training and techniques. The ACLU and others hope this new policy will be a model for other departments to follow.
The EU Standard of Absolute Necessity: “In relation to the use of lethal force, Article 2 imposes a test, which requires that any force deployed by the state must not exceed what is ‘absolutely necessary’. This is a test of strict proportionality, so that the force must be strictly proportionate to the achievement of one of the aims set out in Article 2(2)(a) to (c).46.”
More on Camden and a link to the 18 page model policy. Can this become a national standard that will truly raise the level of police trust in America?