The following is an abbreviation of Prof. Harold Pollack comments on the police reform proposal offered by #BlackLivesMatter (BLM) which appears in The New York Magazine. Pollock is a professor of Social Service Administration at the University of Chicago.
“It’s been obvious for a while now that the Black Lives Matter movement would benefit from a concrete policy agenda around which it could focus its organizing, public protest, and practical negotiations with public officials. Developing such an agenda is no easy task — especially for a grassroots movement that basically came into existence a year ago…
“BLM’s Campaign Zero offers a series of policy recommendations that pursue BLM’s avowed goal to ‘end police violence in America.’
“One does not need to embrace every element to recognize that this well-crafted document provides a useful basis of discussion between grassroots activists, elected officials, law enforcement professionals, and policy analysts.
“Overall, it’s a very useful and professional document, a very good start to the conversation. And based on my own research on urban crime and policing… several proposals in Campaign Zero struck me as particularly smart. That said, I also think the group would be wise to address certain broader concerns, as I discuss below.
“Here are the best ideas from the [BLM] proposal:
- “Greater racial and ethnic diversity in policing. In 2015 it is simply impossible to properly police low-income communities of color with predominantly white police forces. Police departments whose staffing is grossly out of line with the communities they serve are repeatedly enmeshed in problems of misconduct and poor performance…
- “Curbing the abuse of fines, impoundment, and other monetary punishments for revenue purposes. Because local governments are often strapped for cash and find it easy to extract fines from politically marginalized low-income residents, they face unfortunate incentives to do just that, often filling their coffers through asset forfeiture (where property — up to and including cash, houses, and cars — can be seized on the basis of highly circumstantial evidence of their owners’ involvement in the drug trade, even when the owner isn’t charged with anything), fines, and related punishments. Available research suggests that these incentives influence police behavior. Particularly in times of budget trouble, local political economies induce police to expend greater efforts seizing money and property. The probability and dollar amount of traffic fines are similarly influenced by local-tax revenues and other fiscal measures…
- “Better training and support for police in de-escalation skills. This past year, Americans have watched a succession of cell-phone videos that show officers killing suspects — often unarmed ones — in situations in which lethal force might have been avoided. Much of the resulting debate focuses on officers’ split-second decisions in the moment of angry confrontation. Yet in many of these cases, the real missed opportunity was the failure to avoid or defuse a volatile situation before the cell phones were even recording. Police officers are generally trained or socialized to the view that the only sure way to protect themselves and others is to establish their dominance in ambiguous situations. This ‘warrior’ frame often provides a poor guide; officers need a broader repertoire of de-escalation skills, like responding with professionalism and restraint to a range of difficult behaviors that don’t pose a genuine public-safety risk…
“It’s clear that Campaign Zero has a lot of good stuff in it. It could have been even better had it taken a broader view. I hope BLM will consider adding some additional items to the conversation. For example:
- “A positive vision of urban policing. I… wish Campaign Zero would place the same emphasis on identifying good police practices that should be replicated that they place on identifying bad police practices that must be curbed…
- “A broader public-safety agenda. [R]eforming improper police practices is only one of the puzzle pieces required to advance public safety… The high violence rate in low-income communities of color may be the most painful challenge facing urban America. If we fail to identify and field humane, evidence-based policies to reduce this violence, it’s hard to see how we will address many other issues that lead to race-based gaps in health and wealth, ranging from low educational attainment to residential segregation and middle-class flight…
- “Common ground with police on gun policy. It is ironic that low-income minority communities are presumed to be soft on crime given that, when it comes to background checks, assault-weapons bans, and other measures to curb underground gun markets… Increased support for ATF measures to curb illegal gun markets and increased infrastructure support for the National Instant Criminal Background Check System could also help chip away at the problems facing the communities where BLM is most heavily involved.
“Whatever specifics it embraces, Black Lives Matter enjoys a window of opportunity to promote more effective urban policing, and to promote evidence-based violence prevention policies. It should seize this opportunity — while the American public is still listening. And it should embrace a broad approach to complicated problems that don’t have any single root cause.”
[Harold Pollack is the Helen Ross Professor of Social Service Administration at the University of Chicago. He’s on Twitter at @haroldpollack.]
[Read the full article HERE.]
Reblogged this on e-Roll Call Magazine.
Excellent response by Dr. Pollack. I would just point out (from my best memory) that the FBI had a very similar issue in the 1970s or 80s when assigning Hispanic agents to predominantly undercover roles. This (according to the complaining agents), inhibited their ability to promote or transfer to better posts.
I would say that the group needs to reform themselves before they can be taken seriously about police reform.
Ryan, the police are obviously not willing to reform themselves despite the fact that their actions are being caught on camera and they feel no shame about their misconduct except being caught on film.
I pointed out that part of the BLM movement supports the killing of officers. They are organized enough to come up with a 10 point reform plan at the suggestion of Hillary Clinton, but they refuse to condemn those who shout out about harming police. If you think that is okay then I really don’t know what to say. Furthermore, there is absolutely no depth to their reform plan. It’s extremely vague and it is so because it attempts to address things that they don’t fully understand. For a critique(if you are willing to hear from the other side) of the BLM plan, have a look at this… http://drronmartinelli.com/2015/09/09/the-black-lives-matter-movements-10-point-policing-program-needs-a-dose-of-reality/
Lastly, I wish you would stop responding with these sweeping judgments about me and every officer simply because I do not agree with something. You feel it’s okay to claim in many of your responses that I’m unwilling to reform or listen to anyone simply because I disagree. I don’t think that is a beneficial way to communicate. Martin Luther King had ideas that didn’t promote violence. BLM will have more legitimacy when they communicate some actual substantive changes instead of 10 vague points and when they condemn those in their group who wish to “fry pigs like bacon”.
A new report from the Civilian Complaint Review Board for the NYPD shows why your grouping of all officers together is flawed.
The major takeaways are the with video evidence more complaints are being shown to be true, but the number of complaints made are down 22%.
A very small percentage of officers are responsible for the majority of complaints for misconduct or use of force.
“From January 2014 through June 30, 2015, one percent of identified officers on the force were responsible for 18% of all misconduct claims, five percent were responsible for 52%, and 10% were responsible for 78% of claims during this period. Five percent of officers were responsible for generating 100% of force complaints. Significantly, 86% of officers had no CCRB complaints during this period of time.”
Click to access 2015-Semi-Annual-Report.pdf
That has certainly been my leadership experience: it’s the 5% that cause 95% of the problems. They must be dealt with, re-trained and monitored. One of the principles of “Quality Leadership” that I teach is to deal with the 5% promptly and don’t make work rules based on what they do but rather on the 95% who are out there doing a great job! (You can search for those 12 Principles of Quality Leadership on this site.)
I found an officer on Facebook who “gets it”. Maybe he can been in one of your upcoming blog posts to include some of his good videos!
Thanks, Ryan. If he’s near the Midwest I hope he can come to our conference on October 7th! I will contact hime.